Distractions are things that capture one’s attention, with the hope that one will not see what is truly happening. Magicians use them to good effect. In other cases, the results are less amusing. All people are susceptible to distractions, though on average, younger people are more susceptible. They just haven’t seen as much, and are thus more likely to be taken in. Taking in experience, and thinking about what you have seen are the key. This takes time.
But one can accelerate the process. Be on the lookout for distractions. Many are specifically tailored to younger people. They play on their vanity, their desire to be moral, to be cool. Consider what you hear with a “be from Missouri” attitude. That is, show me.
Some narratives are legit and some are not (with many in between). A way to try to determine which are which is to look for background facts, alternate explanations, longer analysis, potential motivations (which are not necessarily what people say that they are), etc. In other words, think.
Once again, realize that people are trying to take advantage of young people by pressing the buttons that they are especially susceptible to. Consider what appeals to you and your age cohorts. Then consider which of these leaves you open to manipulation. Finally, consider that the people that are trying to distract you, are attempting to make you see one thing, while another thing is happening elsewhere. Do you think that such people would have your best interests in mind?