Wikipedia defines Patriarchy,
Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power, predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property; in the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority over women and children.
The above definition is a bit stark (the reality was a bit different). But the Feminists take it even further, defining it as men’s oppression of women.
In reality it was a set of rules arrived at through compromise and trial and error though the course of time. Many tradeoffs were required to form a system that was both fair and stable. This resulted in a healthy society; and perhaps more importantly, healthy environments to raise children.
But what exactly was the classical Patriarchy? Your task is to list the benefits and privileges of classical Patriarchy for both genders. And also discuss the tradeoffs required to get there. Bringing many perspectives together would be useful in trying to define such a complex system.